We are a commune of inquiring, skeptical, politically centrist, capitalist, anglophile, traditionalist New England Yankee humans, humanoids, and animals with many interests beyond and above politics. Each of us has had a high-school education (or GED), but all had ADD so didn't pay attention very well, especially the dogs. Each one of us does "try my best to be just like I am," and none of us enjoys working for others, including for Maggie, from whom we receive neither a nickel nor a dime. Freedom from nags, cranks, government, do-gooders, control-freaks and idiots is all that we ask for.
This book inadvertently opens a can of worms. The Northeastern tribes are very different from all of the others? Why? It appears that a considerable DNA input from Europe is to blame. Simple challenge! Look up a picture of some chief of the Iroquois and a chief of the Athabascan or Apache. Compare those two pictures and than get a picture of someone from Eastern Russia or Mongolia. It is startling. The Athabaskan and the Mongolian appear to be the same race. True to a lesser extent for the Apache but it will be obvious that some other DNA is involved in the Apache history. The Iroquois though is neither. Looks more European, some evidence of mixed race but no evidence of having come from Asia. Hmmmm!
For extra credit look at the pictures of Incan people and other South American tribes. They don't look "Asian" either. In fact they more resemble the people from South Pacific Islands.
Why does it matter? The popular theory is that the indigenous people of Americas were all from Asia and lived in harmony for 18,000 years or so after walking over an ice bridge from Asia during the ice age. But the fact is that they are from multiple places and there were multiple major immigrations (i.e. colorizations including the killing and enslaving of previous immigrations. The problem with most discussions on pre-Columbian history is it is all based on lies and everything said about the people is false.
The current genetic evidence is that aboriginal Americans descended from one or two waves of people from Siberia. These ancestors did include an admixture of European genes who had crossed Eurasia, but the aboriginal inhabitants of the Americas would have shared this lineage. Of course, the post-Columbian period includes a significant admixture of European genes.
Of the many revelations in this book, the one that rocked my world revealed that the forests along the Amazon are not really 'Natural.' The species and densities of plant populations have been curated by humans for millennia.
The other cool fact the book revealed was, Amazonian farmers incorporated pottery shards into the equatorial soils to prevent them from caking and hardening under the region's hot -sun-hard-rains seasonal regime. When pottery is tilled into farmland to augment its tilth in an Amerindian farmland, it must lose some the sacredness that urban 'collectors' in North American salons award it, mustn't it?