We are a commune of inquiring, skeptical, politically centrist, capitalist, anglophile, traditionalist New England Yankee humans, humanoids, and animals with many interests beyond and above politics. Each of us has had a high-school education (or GED), but all had ADD so didn't pay attention very well, especially the dogs. Each one of us does "try my best to be just like I am," and none of us enjoys working for others, including for Maggie, from whom we receive neither a nickel nor a dime. Freedom from nags, cranks, government, do-gooders, control-freaks and idiots is all that we ask for.
Image: Iroquois fashion. The dude on the right has culturally-appropriated a European blanket and an iron or steel hatchet.
Like Elizabeth Warren and hundreds of thousands of Eastern Americans, we were raised on the myth of Indian blood. Spit test says none. I came out 85% English and 15% Scandinavian. I assume the Scandinavian is from the Normans (ie the Frenchified Vikings).
I mainly focus on the northeastern Indian cultures. For them, winter was a mixed blessing. Hunting and transportation was easier, fishing was more difficult. Groups that lived near the coast moved inland and built weather-proof wigwams and longhouses, some as much as 100' long. If they had a good summer corn (maize) crop in the summer, they would not starve. Remember, the northeastern Indians had hundreds of acres of corn, bean, and squash fields. Sometimes they starved when the food ran out. They did ice-fishing, and sometimes did cannibalism.
What about winter clothing? Deerskin leggings, deerskin shirts, and cloaks or coats of animal skins. Also, they greased themselves down with animal fats, preferably bear fat, as insulation.
I probably don't have any Indian blood but my ex-father-in-law was born and raised on the reservation so there is little doubt that my children do. But he left the reservation to go to war in WW II and never went back. He didn't like the reservation system and believed that Indians would be better off if the reservations were done away with. The reservations are now simply welfare traps which encourage sloth and hate. The "elders" are on the take and cause even more harm to the Indians who live on the reservations. We should end the reservation system and deed the land to individual Indians.
“Sometimes did cannibalism”. That is an understatement. Try reading “The Jesuits in North America” by Francis Parkman, a section of his monumental history, “France and England in North America”. It documents the attempts by the Catholic priests to civilize the Indians of the Northeast during the reign of Louis XIV. Parts of it will keep you up at night. (If you’re interested in American history prior to the Revolution, it is a must read. He’s also a genius of the English language, up there with Gibbons)
As late as the Revolutionary War, when the Americans were mounting an expedition to capture Quebec, their Indian allies offered them stew with a human hand sticking out of the pot.
Turns out those DNA test don't actually tell you anything you didn't all ready know. Those results we all got are at the 50% confidence level and are not scientific at all. At the 90% level they would simply show you as European or Asian. I can look at my skin and tell that much and my name tells me I'm probably English. I want my money back.
If you take a test from a company that has few to no native Americans in their data base your DNA will not relate. How can you contain a percentage of something they do not have documented? My paternal GGM was a documented half breed (Anglo/NativeA). One of the cheaper DNA test companies recently returned results that listed me as having a higher % of African A. DNA that Native. You have to go much further back in the family tree to find that relative.
They are not comparing your DNA to that of every living human being, they are only comparing your sample to those in their database.